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Retrieval of Displaced Woven EndoBridge Intrasaccular Flow Disruptor Using Solitaire Platinum Revascularization Device

Article information

Neurointervention. 2022;17(2):106-109
Publication date (electronic) : 2022 April 7
doi : https://doi.org/10.5469/neuroint.2022.00059
1Interventional Neuroradiology Service, Department of Medical Imaging, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, TAS, Australia
2Interventional Neuroradiology Unit, Monash Imaging, Monash Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Correspondence to: Ramon Martin Francisco Bañez, MD, FRANZCR, CCINR Interventional Neuroradiology Service, Department of Medical Imaging, Royal Hobart Hospital, 48 Liverpool Street, Hobart 7000, TAS, Australia Tel: +61-4-7570-6620 Fax: +61-3-6173-0425 E-mail: banezrm@yahoo.com
Received 2022 February 8; Revised 2022 March 12; Accepted 2022 March 13.

Abstract

The Woven EndoBridge (WEB; MicroVention, Aliso Viejo, CA, USA) intrasaccular flow disruptor is a therapeutic option for wide neck bifurcation intracranial aneurysms that does not require the use of adjunctive techniques such as stents or balloon remodeling. As with other endovascular devices, displacement of the WEB is a recognized complication. Few reports have been published regarding the management of this type of complication. We describe a case of retrieval of a displaced WEB using a Solitaire Platinum revascularization device (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA). Interventionists should be aware of this option in the management of such a complication.

INTRODUCTION

The Woven EndoBridge (WEB; MicroVention, Aliso Viejo, CA, USA) intrasaccular flow disruptor is a therapeutic option for wide neck bifurcation intracranial aneurysms that does not require the use of adjunctive techniques such as stents or balloon remodelling [1-4]. As with other endovascular devices, displacement of the WEB is a recognized complication. A single case of displacement and subsequent removal of a WEB with an Alligator retrieval device (Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) has been reported [5]. No reports have been published to date regarding the use of a stent retriever to retrieve a WEB. We describe a case of retrieval of a displaced WEB using a Solitaire Platinum revascularization device (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA).

CASE REPORT

An unconscious female in her 50s presenting with the World Federation of Neurological Surgeons grade 5 subarachnoid hemorrhage was referred to the Interventional Neuroradiology service for emergent occlusion of a ruptured basilar tip aneurysm.

Preliminary angiograms showed a lobulated saccular aneurysm arising from the basilar tip (Fig. 1A). The sac was irregular with a mean diameter of 5 mm and a mean dome height of 3 mm.

Fig. 1.

Displacement of Woven EndoBridge (WEB; MicroVention, Aliso Viejo, CA, USA) device. (A) 3-D angiograms showed basilar tip aneurysm. (B) WEB device initially deployed within aneurysm lumen; arrows indicate proximal and distal markers of the WEB. (C) During detachment, the WEB (arrows) was displaced into the distal basilar artery.

The aneurysm was accessed with a VIA 17 microcatheter (MicroVention) through a 6F SOFIA (MicroVention) guide catheter and a 6F Neuron MAX (Penumbra, Alameda, CA, USA) long sheath. A WEB single-layer (SL) 5 mm x 2 mm was successfully deployed into the aneurysm sac (Fig. 1B). However, during detachment, there was a proximal dislocation of the WEB into the distal basilar artery (Fig. 1C).

A Headway 21 microcatheter (MicroVention) was navigated over a Synchro microwire (Stryker Neurovascular, Kalamazoo, MI, USA) into the left posterior cerebral artery past the WEB (Fig. 2A). A Solitaire Platinum 4 mm x 20 mm stent retriever was introduced into the Headway. The microcatheter was then pulled back and the Solitaire opened alongside the WEB, partially collapsing it (Fig. 2B). The Solitaire was then pulled back, with the stent retriever providing enough radial force and friction to collapse the WEB and pull it into the SOFIA catheter (Fig. 2C, Supplementary Video 1). The Solitaire, WEB, microcatheter, and guiding catheter were removed as a unit.

Fig. 2.

Retrieval of Woven EndoBridge (WEB; MicroVention, Aliso Viejo, CA, USA) device. (A) Microwire and microcatheter (white arrow) were navigated past WEB (black arrows) into the left posterior cerebral artery. (B) Solitaire Platinum (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) (white arrows indicate distal markers) was deployed past WEB (black arrows). (C) WEB (black arrows) was captured inside SOFIA catheter (MicroVention) (white arrow denotes catheter tip). (D) New WEB device (arrows) was satisfactorily deployed and detached. Slightly increased opacification inside the aneurysm lumen denotes stasis of flow. (E) Follow-up magnetic resonance angiography at 3 months shows occlusion of the aneurysm.

Post retrieval angiograms showed no thromboembolic complications or evidence of dissection. The aneurysm was re-accessed with a VIA 17 microcatheter, and a new WEB SL 4.5 mm x 2 mm was then deployed and detached successfully with good wall apposition and satisfactory occlusion (Fig. 2D). The patient was eventually discharged, and follow-up magnetic resonance angiography done at 3 months (Fig. 2E) and 3 years showed complete occlusion of the aneurysm.

DISCUSSION

Displacement of the WEB device is a known complication of its use. In our case, the dislocation likely occurred due to some degree of unrecognized backward tension on the system during the detachment process. Some degree of oversizing of the initial WEB may also have been a factor in displacement; notably, the WEB device that was finally deployed was slightly smaller and this appeared to have been the ideal size, as evidenced by the durable occlusion result on follow-up imaging. Literature on the specific nature and management of this complication has been sparse, with only a single detailed case report on the use of an Alligator device to retrieve the WEB [5].

Stent retrievers or revascularization devices such as the Solitaire Platinum have proven effective in the retrieval of migrated endovascular coils [6,7]. However, there are no known reports of the Solitaire or similar devices having been used to retrieve a displaced WEB.

While the primary reason for the effectiveness of the Solitaire in retrieving the WEB is unknown, we hypothesize that the overlapping design of the Solitaire allowed it to lie along-side the WEB in a constrained space, while providing enough radial force and friction to collapse and pull the WEB into the intermediate catheter. The availability of the left posterior cerebral artery as an initial landing point of the Solitaire also made it possible to achieve a good position relative to the WEB.

A notable point is that the WEB and Solitaire did not remain engaged throughout removal, with the WEB coming to lie within the distal end of the SOFIA catheter. To avoid washing the WEB out and losing it on the way down, the pressurized flush line to the SOFIA was temporarily turned off as the system was carefully pulled out. Some degree of negative pressure, as with a vacuum pressure syringe, may also have been helpful in this case.

CONCLUSION

Deployment and detachment of the WEB device must be performed under strict fluoroscopic control with the utmost care, especially to avoid any degree of forward or backward tension on the system. The Solitaire appears to be a viable option for retrieval of the WEB device, particularly if it can be navigated past the WEB.

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS

Supplementary materials related to this article can be found online at https://doi.org/10.5469/neuroint.2022.00059.

Supplementary Video 1. Fluoroscopic unsubtracted scene shows the Woven EndoBridge (WEB; MicroVention, Aliso Viejo, CA, USA) being pulled by the Solitaire stent retriever into the SOFIA catheter (MicroVention).

Notes

Fund

None.

Ethics Statement

Ethical approval was given by Monash Health Research Support Services. Written consent for publication was obtained (BMJ consent form).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors have no conflicts to disclose.

Author Contribution

Concept and design: RMFB and WC. Analysis and interpretation: RMFB and WC. Data collection: RMFB and WC. Writing the article: RMFB. Critical revision: WC. Final approval: WC.

References

1. Pierot L, Moret J, Barreau X, Szikora I, Herbreteau D, Turjman F, et al. Safety and efficacy of aneurysm treatment with WEB in the cumulative population of three prospective, multicenter series. J Neurointerv Surg 2018;10:553–559.
2. Papagiannaki C, Spelle L, Januel AC, Benaissa A, Gauvrit JY, Costalat V, et al. WEB intrasaccular flow disruptor-prospective, multicenter experience in 83 patients with 85 aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2014;35:2106–2111.
3. Asnafi S, Rouchaud A, Pierot L, Brinjikji W, Murad MH, Kallmes DF. Efficacy and safety of the Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2016;37:2287–2292.
4. van Rooij WJ, Peluso JP, Bechan RS, Sluzewski M. WEB treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2016;37:1679–1683.
5. König I, Weber A, Weber W, Fischer S. Dislocation of a WEB device into the middle cerebral artery: removal with the alligator retrieval device. Clin Neuroradiol 2019;29:361–364.
6. Nikoubashman O, Badenschier R, Müller M, Brockmann C, Schubert G, Brockmann MA, et al. Endovascular retrieval of a dislocated coil in the peroneal artery with a stent retriever. BJR Case Rep 2016;2:20150278.
7. Leslie-Mazwi TM, Heddier M, Nordmeyer H, Stauder M, Velasco A, Mosimann PJ, et al. Stent retriever use for retrieval of displaced microcoils: a consecutive case series. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2013;34:1996–1999.

Article information Continued

Fig. 1.

Displacement of Woven EndoBridge (WEB; MicroVention, Aliso Viejo, CA, USA) device. (A) 3-D angiograms showed basilar tip aneurysm. (B) WEB device initially deployed within aneurysm lumen; arrows indicate proximal and distal markers of the WEB. (C) During detachment, the WEB (arrows) was displaced into the distal basilar artery.

Fig. 2.

Retrieval of Woven EndoBridge (WEB; MicroVention, Aliso Viejo, CA, USA) device. (A) Microwire and microcatheter (white arrow) were navigated past WEB (black arrows) into the left posterior cerebral artery. (B) Solitaire Platinum (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) (white arrows indicate distal markers) was deployed past WEB (black arrows). (C) WEB (black arrows) was captured inside SOFIA catheter (MicroVention) (white arrow denotes catheter tip). (D) New WEB device (arrows) was satisfactorily deployed and detached. Slightly increased opacification inside the aneurysm lumen denotes stasis of flow. (E) Follow-up magnetic resonance angiography at 3 months shows occlusion of the aneurysm.